Saturday, June 3, 2017

Getting Things Ready for Field Day


Plans for Field Day

3 antennas for CW station
3 antennas for the SSB station

The CW station will have this hexbeam - with 3 bands on it.   I obtained the weight on a digital luggage scale at 16.5 pounds.  

Thursday, June 1, 2017

DX Marathon 2016 Scores - Made Top 10

Formula Class - 5 Watt
Callsign
Countries
Zones
Score
WG5G
225
38
263
IV3AOL
206
34
240
W8QZA
183
36
219
K4AR
179
34
213
ON6QRP
163
36
199
NY4G
165
33
198
DF5WW
154
34
188
IN3UFW
109
24
133
IK4UXA
93
22
115
EB3EPR
90
24
114
KI0G
85
23
108
K8ZT
79
27
106
GU4YBW
82
20
102
YB2ERL
71
27
98
W4ER
65
23
88
G8JQW
44
9
53
PY1CMT
36
14
50
W6OGC
34
11
45
K5ATG
17
11
28
PY4WJ
5
5
10
PU5YSV
2
2
4

Sunday, May 28, 2017

Making a Hexbeam Air Dielectric Coaxial Centerpost Feedline from Scratch

Most everybody I know has an NA4RR or K4KIO centerpost - myself included.   I have used a K4KIO centerpost in the past and had been happy with it.  I then decided to build center-post out of PVC pipe with the coax connections inside to prevent water from making contact with the foam core insulation and ruining the dielectric insulation between center conductor and shield.   I used it for about 6 months and decided to make a change to NA4RR's version and this has been on my home station for the better part of 2 years.  I did some research and captured the following equations to construct the equivalent of a 50 ohm (or as close to it) coaxial feedline.

For round coax, make the inside diameter of the outside conductor 2.302 times larger than the diameter of the inside conductor.

If the shield is square, and the inner conductor is still round, make the inside length of one side of the shield 2.134 times larger than the diameter of the inside conductor.

The derivation is as follows:

A coaxial transmission line has some inductance per unit length L, and some capacitance per unit length C. The conductors also have some (very low) resistance R, and the dielectric has some (very low) conductance G. Though it's important to note that these properties are distributed throughout the entire length of the transmission line, lumping them all together we can model a transmission line as:
transmission line schematic model
The characteristic impedance is then:
The characteristic impedance is then:
Z0=R+jωLG+jωC

where:
  • R is the resistance per unit length, considering the two conductors to be in series,
  • L is the inductance per unit length,
  • G is the conductance of the dielectric per unit length,
  • C is the capacitance per unit length,
  • j is the imaginary unit, and
  • ω is the angular frequency.
If we assume a good conductor and dielectric, then R and G are negligible1. The equation then simplifies to:
Z0LC

For round coaxial transmission lines, we can calculate C and L as:


L=μ0μr2πln(D/d)

where:
Putting these together and simplifying we get:
For an air dielectric, ϵr and μr are so close to 1 than you can further simplify:
Z059.96ln(D/d)

You can also see that only the ratio of the diameters of the conductors are relevant, so it doesn't matter what units of length are used, as long as they are the same.
We can solve for D/d, and set Z0=50Ω:


So in my case - 0.625" diameter and 1.5" diameter aluminum tubing are available from DX Engineering.  If I use average wall diameter for the outside tube and the OD of the inside tube, the ratio of D/d in this case is 2.3  which is really close. 
My plan is to put fiberglass sleeves around the bolts to insulate it from the outer shield along with nylon washers on the inside and outside.  Here is a scaled picture below